Herringbone stitch is a needlework stitch used in embroidery, knitting and crochet. This stitch resembles the bones extending from the spine of a herring fish.
Closed herringbone stitch is a variation of herringbone stitch where the ends of stitches meet. It has diagonal stitches that are worked between two lines (usually parallel but not mandatory). When herringbone stitch is worked in a circle, the stitches are closer on the inner side and farther away on the outer side. Though this can be used as a filling stitch, it is predominantly used to fill bands or as decorative borders.
Other names: Fishnet stitch, Russian cross stitch
Come up 1 and pierce the fabric and go down at 2. Come back up at 3.
3 is directly above 1.
Now go down at 4 and come back up at 1. Right now the stitch will look like the two diagonals of a rectangle.
Go down at 5 and come back up at 2.
Continue to work these diagonal stitches back and forth between the 2 lines.
Go down at 6 and come back up at 4.
Continue till the end.
I personally like herringbone stitches made with variegated threads.
In the example above, I pierced the needle 2 squares away from the previous stitch in my aida fabric. When used as a filling stitch, herringbone stitches are usually placed closer than this.
So now let us try to make the stitches closer. The distance between then is just one square.
A different look by varying the distance between the stitches.