In button hole stitch, the direction of the needle (when it pierces the fabric to go down and come up again) is always the same for every stitch. Either the sharp end of the needle is down and the eye is up or the needle travels in the opposite direction where the sharp end is up.
Up and down buttonhole stitch is a variation of buttonhole stitch in which the needle travels up and down alternately.
The stitch is worked between two parallel lines. If you are a beginner, try this on Aida fabric. This stitch can be worked in 2 different methods. I will be showing both methods here. Choose the one that is easiest for you.
Bring the thread up at A on the lower line. Go down at B on the upper line. Come back up at C.
C is directly below B. The working thread has to be below the needle.
At the end of this step, the stitch will look like this.
The needle came down in the previous step. Now the needle has to travel up. Pierce fabric and take needle down at D (very close to C) and come back up at E (very close to B). Again the working thread has to be looped below the needle.
When pulling the needle, you find a loop that loops over the two vertical stitches. While pulling the thread, push the loop down towards you with your thumb so that it lies flat on the lower line.
Or use the needle to hold it in place while the thread is being pulled. (Shown below).
The first stitch has been made. Repeat the steps till the border reaches the desired length.
Let’s try this one more time.
Some might find this method to be easier than the first method.
Bring the needle up at 1. Pierce fabric at 2 and come back up at 3. The thread will loop under the needle.
Next stab the fabric at 4 and pull the thread but leave a small loop like shown below.
Hold the loop with a thumb and bring needle back up at 5.
Remember how a person is garlanded? Now assume the loop is a garland and put it around the needle’s neck. :).
Pull the needle toward you so that the loop will lie properly on the lower line like so.
So which method did you like?
Continue the steps till you reach the desired length.
Here I have stitched two rows of stitches back to back.